I'm working, is the oldest settlement on Csepel Island. It was already used as a summer accommodation by the conquering Hungarians, moreover, according to some assumptions, the settlement owes its name to them. Nowadays in Tököl more than 10 a thousand inhabitants live, however, the population of the settlement is constantly expanding. Thanks to its excellent infrastructure, as well as its, hogy e pezsgő hangulatú város hagyományosan számos nemzetség otthonát jelenti.
From a church estate to a diverse settlement
The area of Tököl has been inhabited continuously since the Stone Age. Although the Romans did not establish a permanent settlement here due to the floodplain nature of the area, but this area was a popular summer accommodation for the conquering Hungarians. So much so, that, according to some assumptions, the city itself got its name from the equestrian of Prince Árpád. (Other historians say the groom's name was Csepel, The name of the town of Tököl was related to the perfect word.)
Throughout its history, the settlement has always been in a prominent position compared to the surrounding villages. First IV. (When) In the time of László, who was his sister in 1280, To Elizabeth, and through it he donated the settlement to the nuns on the island of Rabbits. Being a church estate, Tököl enjoyed a tax exemption in the times to come, which survived the fall of the Árpád House.
Presumably due to its tax exemption, a 15. By the 16th century, the settlement had become a significant center for contemporary artisans. Its population will increase in the coming times, so the 16. It also has the status of a market town in the 16th century, it will even be a popular summer accommodation for children of the royal shoots.
Although its importance is declining during the Turkish occupation, moreover, the area is completely depopulated for a time, however, after the reunification of the country, it may shine in its old light again. The area, or the whole island a 17. It was donated to Prince Eugene of Savoy at the end of the 19th century. In German name, Prinz Eugen, on favorable terms, he called Catholic German settlers here, to rebuild and populate the once bustling market town. The Catholic raids arrived with them at the same time, who have had a fundamental impact on the cultural life of the community. Even today 1200 Croatian (many people, bunyevác), or 300 German families live in this diverse and prosperous settlement, amely 2001-től fogva városi ranggal is büszkélkedhet.
Gorge memorial to the flood
Despite its favorable position, The flourishing of the town of Tököl was not unbroken. One of the most serious disasters in the life of the settlement was the flood of 1876 in Tököl, when the icy flood almost completely flooded the central part of Csepel Island.
After the great Danube flood of 1838, only after the compromise could the regulation of the Danube begin. Initially, however, they were limited to the area of the capital. As a result of the closure of the Soroksár Danube branch, from which the engineers expected to prevent the formation of ice barriers, the water level was close to 70 centimeter rose, Thus, on the islands of Kácsás and Bezdán, not far from the town of Ercsi, a so-called ice plug was formed.. As a result, the water level - threatening the entire Budapest area - continued to rise compared to the previous ones..
Until the capital managed to escape the devastating flood, because the decline began, until then, Csepel Island could not have avoided the disaster. The pumpkin embankment probably broke at the ice plug above Kácsás Island, this is how Budapest escaped. In contrast, the water in and around Tököl 100 up to a height of meters, its inhabitants, according to historians, sailed in the one-street settlement. It took many months to repair the damage. Fortunately, Tököl is now a much less flood-prone area due to the regulation of the Danube.. A katasztrófa következtében kialakult szigetcsépi szurdok torkolata azonban mai napig Magyarország legnagyobb árvízi emlékhelyét jelenti.
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